What is a colles fracture

what is a colles fracture

Colles (Wrist) Fracture

Jul 20, Overview A Colles wrist fracture occurs when the radius bone in your forearm breaks. Its also known as a distal radius fracture, transverse wrist . Of the many wrist fracture types, the Colles fracture is the most common. Also called a distal radius fracture, a Colles fracture involves the larger of the two bones at the wrist the radius. It directly involves the distal radius the end of the bone toward the fingers, as opposed to toward the elbow.

It directly involves the distal radius the end of the bone toward the fingers, as opposed to toward the elbow. The fall sends force through the bones and displaces the distal radius toward the back of the hand or forearm. Some people may benefit from surgery to improve alignment and restore function in the wrist, after a Colles' fracture. If you have any of the following symptoms of a broken wrist, you need to seek medical attention right away :. Your doctor may be able to tell that you've fractured how to use sothink movie dvd maker wrist based on a physical exam.

With these types of fractures, the wrist may bend in an awkward way or look abnormal. Often, your doctor will order an x-ray to confirm the condition, location, and severity of the break. When the Colles' fracture first occurs, apply ice to your wrist and keep it elevated until you're able to see a doctor.

You will wear the splint or cast for four to six weeks and have routine x-rays to ensure the bone is healing properly. Your doctor may also tell you to take acetaminophen or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs NSAIDs to help relieve pain and reduce swelling.

Even after your doctor removes the cast or splint, you might have constant stiffness in your arm. Physical therapy right after surgery will help restore range-of-motion in the wrist and strength of the coles. Health Alert:. Read the Latest. You'll then wear fractkre cast for about six weeks.

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Jul 20, The Colles fracture, the most common fracture of the wrist, was first described by Abraham Colles in In this injury, there is a complete fracture of the distal radius (typically the last two centimeters) usually accompanied by damage to the . A Colles fracture is a break in the radius close to the wrist. It was named for the surgeon who first described it. Typically, the break is located about an inch ( centimeters) below where the bone joins the wrist. A Colles fracture is a common fracture that happens more often in women than men.

A Colles' fracture is a type of fracture of the distal forearm in which the broken end of the radius is bent backwards. It typically occurs as a result of a fall on an outstretched hand. Treatment may include casting or surgery. The fracture is most commonly caused by people falling onto a hard surface and breaking their fall with outstretched hand FOOSH falling with wrists flexed would lead to a Smith's fracture.

It usually occurs about three to five centimetres proximal to the radio-carpal joint with posterior and lateral displacement of the distal fragment resulting in the characteristic "dinner fork" or "bayonet" like deformity. Colles fracture is a common fracture in people with osteoporosis , second only to vertebral fractures. Diagnosis can be made upon interpretation of anteroposterior and lateral views alone.

The classic Colles fracture has the following characteristics: [7]. Other characteristics: [9] [6]. The term Colles fracture is classically used to describe a fracture at the distal end of the radius, at its cortico-cancellous junction.

However, the term now tends to be used loosely to describe any fracture of the distal radius, with or without involvement of the ulna , that has dorsal displacement of the fracture fragments.

Management depends on the severity of the fracture. An undisplaced fracture may be treated with a cast alone. The cast is applied with the distal fragment in palmar flexion and ulnar deviation. A fracture with mild angulation and displacement may require closed reduction. There is some evidence that immobilization with the wrist in dorsiflexion as opposed to palmarflexion results in less redisplacement and better functional status.

The volar forearm splint is best for temporary immobilization of forearm, wrist and hand fractures, including Colles fracture. Treatment modalities differ in the elderly. Repeat Xrays are recommended at one, two, and six weeks to verify proper healing. Recovery time depends on the degree of bone displacement, the number of bone fragments, whether or not the break is "intra-articular" involves the wrist joint , as well as the person's age, gender, and medical history, and may range from two months to a year or more for complete recovery.

Colles fractures occur in all age groups, although certain patterns follow an age distribution. The Colles fracture is named after Abraham Colles , an Irish surgeon , from Kilkenny who first described it in by simply looking at the classic deformity before the advent of X-rays. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Medical condition. Archived from the original on 13 October Retrieved 13 October March Archived from the original on 2 July Retrieved 12 October Clinical Interventions in Aging.

PMC PMID Elsevier Health Sciences. ISBN Archived from the original on British Journal of Hospital Medicine. Orthopedic imaging : a practical approach. Beltran, Javier Professor of radiology Sixth ed.

OCLC Retrieved Sarwark, John F. Rosemont, Ill. Edinb Med Surg J. Clin Orthop Relat Res Ernest Amory Codman : the end result of a life in medicine. Philadelphia: Saunders. The Boston Medical and Surgical Journal. ISSN S2CID ICD - 10 : S AO Foundation : A2. Fractures and cartilage damage. Avulsion fracture Chalkstick fracture Greenstick fracture Open fracture Pathologic fracture Spiral fracture.

Basilar skull fracture Blowout fracture Mandibular fracture Nasal fracture Le Fort fracture of skull Zygomaticomaxillary complex fracture Zygoma fracture. Cervical fracture Jefferson fracture Hangman's fracture Flexion teardrop fracture Clay-shoveler fracture Burst fracture Compression fracture Chance fracture Holdsworth fracture. Rib fracture Sternal fracture.

Clavicle Scapular. Proximal Supracondylar HolsteinLewis fracture. Scaphoid Rolando Bennett's Boxer's Busch's. Duverney fracture Pipkin fracture. Bumper fracture Segond fracture Gosselin fracture Toddler's fracture Pilon fracture Plafond fracture Tillaux fracture. Maisonneuve fracture Le Fort fracture of ankle Bosworth fracture. Trimalleolar fracture Bimalleolar fracture Pott's fracture. Patella fracture. Hip fracture. Lisfranc Jones March Calcaneal. Categories : Bone fractures.

Hidden categories: CS1 maint: others Articles with short description Short description is different from Wikidata All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from October Wikipedia medicine articles ready to translate.

Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Wikimedia Commons. Colles fracture, Pouteau fracture [1]. Emergency medicine , orthopedics. Pain, swelling, deformity, bruising [2]. Sudden [2]. Fall on an outstretched hand [2]. Osteoporosis [2]. X-rays [2]. Cast , surgery [3]. Recovery over 1 to 2 years [2]. Humerus fracture : Proximal Supracondylar HolsteinLewis fracture.

Tibia fracture : Bumper fracture Segond fracture Gosselin fracture Toddler's fracture Pilon fracture Plafond fracture Tillaux fracture.

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