What are the alternatives to crude oil
What Are the Main Substitutes for Oil and Gas Energy?
Sep 28, · Cleaner energy alternatives, including natural gas, wind, solar, nuclear and biofuel, have gained ground on greenhouse gas–producing oil (as well as Author: Larry Greenemeier. Jan 27, · Polyamides are important plastics. They can be found in ski bindings and in cars or items of clothing. Commercially, they have been made predominantly from .
A research team from the Fraunhofer Society and the Technical University of Munich TUM led by chemist Volker Sieber has developed a new polyamide family which can be produced what to do with expired baking powder a byproduct of cellulose production -- a successful example for a more sustainable economy with bio-based materials.
Polyamides are important plastics. They can be found in ski bindings and in cars or items of altternatives. Commercially, they have been made predominantly from crude oil up until now; there are just a few "green" alternatives, such as polyamides based on castor oil.
Bio-based compounds are often significantly more expensive to produce and have therefore only been able to penetrate the market before now if they have had particular properties. A team led by Volker Sieber, Wnat of the Chemistry of Biogenic Raw Materials at TU Munich, has now developed a completely new polyamide family which can be produced from alternwtives byproduct of cellulose production. The chemists at the TUM and the Fraunhofer Institute for Interfacial Engineering and Biotechnology IGB in Straubing have now modified one of the rings in such a way that it can be opened up, yielding a long chain of molecules, a polymer.
The second ring remains intact here. In this way, instead of a linear polymer chain like in traditional polyamides, a chain which bears many small rings and other side groups emerges. This gives the polymer completely new functions. The new polyamides impress thanks to their special properties which make them attractive for many applications. For example, they melt at higher temperatures than the competing crude oil derived products.
In addition, the new compounds can be produced transparently as well as in a partially crystalline manner, which increases its later application possibilities using the same starting substance.
From an industrial point of view, it is important that zre synthesis basically takes place in one reaction container. This "one-pot" process would not just allow a significant reduction in costs, but would also mean a clear increase in sustainability, according to Sieber. Up until now, the turpentine oil was only heated in the cellulose factories. Sieber points out that with turpentine oil being a side product of the forest industry, in contrary to the use of castor oil, we are not competing against food production.
The researchers are not yet completely satisfied with the achieved overall how to be confident for an audition of the process, this is at 25 percent by mass.
Note: Content may be edited for style and length. Science News. Journal Reference : Paul N. Biobased chiral semi-crystalline or amorphous high-performance polyamides and their scalable stereoselective synthesis. Nature Communications; 11 1 DOI: ScienceDaily, 27 January A sustainable alternative to crude oil: The synthesis of bio-based high-performance polyamide from biogenic residues.
Retrieved April 30, from www. This discovery could contribute to the development of a greener and Such bio-based products have the potential to And this is also the case in the production of ScienceDaily shares links with sites in the TrendMD network and earns revenue from third-party advertisers, where indicated. Wlternatives Email Share. Living Well. View all the latest top news in the environmental sciences, or browse the topics below:.
The synthesis of bio-based high-performance polyamide from biogenic residues
Oil shale, tar sands, and heavy crude oil are all materials from which oil can be extracted—at a cost. Resources are abundant and could greatly impact the U.S. oil supply in the future. Get the facts about these “unconventional” sources of oil from the National Academies, advisers to the nation on science, engineering, and medicine. 4 Alternatives to Oil; IT DOESN'T HAVE TO BE LIKE THIS. There is no doubt that our economy is currently designed to run on fossil fuels like coal, crude oil, and natural gas. Oil accounts for more than 95 percent of the energy used for transportation in the United States. Nov 06, · Oil and gas are essential to our global economic wellbeing. But are Solar energy, wind power and the other alternatives ready to lessen the burden oil and gas are currentlyAuthor: Editorial Dept.
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Measure ad performance. Select basic ads. Create a personalised ads profile. Select personalised ads. Apply market research to generate audience insights. Measure content performance. Develop and improve products. List of Partners vendors. The main alternatives to oil and gas energy include nuclear power , solar power, ethanol, and wind power. Fossil fuels still dwarf these alternatives in global and domestic energy markets, but there is considerable public momentum to increase their utilization as industries shift towards sustainability and more green business practices.
Alternative forms of energy have, to this point, proven to be uneconomic substitutes; they are less efficient and more expensive or, in the case of nuclear power, completely restricted from expanding than fossil fuels. As a result, the government currently provides a lot of subsidies for consumers who choose cleaner forms of renewable energy either for their house or for their vehicles.
The many oil alternatives are ballooning as more research and development occurs in this space, and as supply and demand laws of economics eventually push down prices to be competitive with traditional fossil fuels. Currently, the U. According to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA , nuclear power is the most effective substitute to challenge fossil fuels for future energy consumption.
Compared to coal, gas, oil, and ethanol, nuclear power produces almost negligible adverse climate effects. More importantly, nuclear power can run much more cheaply than other clean energy forms, such as solar, wind, or hydropower.
Nevertheless, in the U. Events like Chernobyl are still scarring examples of nuclear power gone wrong in many people's minds, making the prospect of nuclear as an oil alternative psychologically hard to embrace. However, as research around safe nuclear energy develops, it's possible that clean nuclear power will eventually power entire cities.
Bill Gates, for example, has already started a company called TerraPower that is investigating ways to harness the power of nuclear power for the long-term. Solar and wind power are also two popular renewable energy sources. Proponents argue that these substitutes offer a clean break from fossil fuels and rely on power from natural sources. As the Institute for Energy Research points out, this isn't really true.
Most contemporary solar and wind plants need constant backup power sources. Usually, electricity generated from a coal plant is still used to keep these oil alternatives running, in case it gets cloudy, or the winds die down. In addition, solar panels and wind farms also have massive up-front capital costs. However, the IEA acknowledges that specific policy frameworks need to be enacted, such as tax-funded government subsidies and grants , to increase the use of these alternatives.
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