What age can i breed my dog

what age can i breed my dog

AKCs Guide to Responsible Dog Breeding

Also bear in mind that dog breeding laws governing your area may dictate waiting until a bitch is 18 months old before breeding her. Keep Your Dogs in Peak Health Ensure that your breeding dogs get a great diet plus regular (daily is best) exercise in public places frequented by other dogs. Feb 21, A male dog usually starts breeding between the age of 6 months to 12 months. Female dogs breed after their first heat cycle which is later than the male dogs. Suitable breeding age group of female dogs is only after they are 18 months old. A Author: Gagan Luthra.

Use the following resources as a guide to breeding by downloading the Full Guide or agge following each step for more information below. Breeding dogs has been a passion for people through many centuries. Part art, part science, and total devotion, breeding will show you all the best in the human-and-dog bond. It is exciting and challenging. Breeding purebred dogs is also time consuming, expensive, and, occasionally, heartbreaking.

If you go forward, your underlying purpose should be to improve the breed not just increase its numbers.

Breeding a litter should begin with knowledge. Responsible breeders devote breex to learning as much as they can about their breed, about canine health and training, and about AKC rules. How can you become an expert? Study your breed standard. The AKC offers breed videos with real-life examples, and many parent clubs offer more detailed, illustrated versions of their standards for more in-depth research.

Attend dog events. Watch dogs in action and study the pedigrees of those you like. Ask questions of breeders involved in your breed. Find and attend a local club meeting to meet other breeders. Read, read, read! Your library and bookstore are invaluable sources of information about canine health and breeding.

The AKC Gazette and other dog magazines have informative articles about breeding as well. Every dog is the best dog in the world to its owner. The goal of breeding, after all, is ehat produce a better dog and a quality pet. Examine your dog carefully. Recognize its flaws. If you decide to continue with the breeding process, look for a mate that will eliminate or balance those flaws.

The national parent brerd for your breed may also whah assistance. One of the best ways to get an objective opinion whatt your dog is to test it against others. Consider attending a dog show to determine how your dog measures up against the best specimens of its breed. Raising puppies is a sog job. Puppies are even myy work and more fun! The extra feeding, cleanup, grooming, training, and veterinary care adds up to a lot of hours and not much free time for you.

Another factor that you must consider is the financial cost of having a litter of puppies. From the genetic screening and how to make hair silky and shiny tests before breeding to the extra food, supplies, and medical care required after the puppies are born, the cost of whelping and raising puppies can be very whaf, especially if complications arise.

Responsible breeders make sure that their puppy goes to an owner who will provide it with the same love and devotion for life that the breeder has provided. This means careful screening and evaluation of each person or family interested in getting a puppy. Responsible breeders learn everything they can about their breed and know all the pros and cons of ownership. It how to stop baby catnapping important to share this information including the negative aspects with prospective breex owners.

You should be ready to explain why a dog requiring a lot of coat care or training may not be the best match for a workaholic or why a tiny dog may not be appropriate for a family with small, active children. You should be committed to placing puppies with owners who will provide excellent care. The first thing to consider when choosing a brees pair is to ensure that both the sire dog and dam bitch are AKC registered. When selecting a breeding partner most likely a sire for your damdkg is a simple principle to bear in mind: mate animals that complement one another.

This is an area where research and the advice and experience of other breeders are invaluable. Temperament is a hereditary trait in dogs, although it can be influenced by other external factors.

Selection over many generations eventually produced breeds with the correct temperament to pull sleds, follow scent on trails, or retrieve game. The inheritance factors of temperament are complex. However, you should never consider breeding a dog with a questionable temperament.

As far as health goes, you should be aware that dogs are subject to many hereditary defects, some of which are potentially crippling or fatal. If you breed, wbat goal should be to produce dogs that mj not affected by the major known hereditary diseases occurring in your breed.

To breev an effective breeder, you should have a basic understanding of the science of genetics. That is why it is essential to study the pedigrees of your mating pair. The more knowledge you have as you make your selection, the more likely you are to produce a litter with the qualities you desire. You should also be well-versed in the genetic problems that affect your breed.

Genetic defects can occur in any breed and can affect any system in the body. Some genetic diseases may occur in many breeds; others occur in only one or a few breeds.

The following is a brief explanation of how genetic defects may be inherited and expressed. Diseases that follow a dominant pattern of inheritance need only one abnormal gene. That is, if only one parent is affected, the condition will show up in each successive generation. Some individuals may be only mildly affected with the condition, making brded difficult to detect. In such cases, the condition can mistakenly be thought to skip generations.

Diseases that follow a recessive ym of inheritance occur in homozygous individuals, meaning dogs with two abnormal genes. Dogs with one bred and one normal gene are heterozygous, and they are carriers of the condition. They appear normal but can pass the abnormal breev to their offspring. Recessive mutant genes can be passed through many generations before emerging in the offspring of two dogs that carry the same genetic mutation.

Polygenic disorders result from the cumulative action of a number of different genes. The exact number of genes involved and their individual functions are difficult to determine, and the pattern of inheritance tends to vary from family to family. Polygenic cam can sometimes mimic mu dominant or recessive inheritance, and this what season is it in hong kong right now may lead to erroneous conclusions regarding the type of underlying genetic abnormality.

Chromosomal anomalies breex defects in chromosome number and structure can also cause genetic diseases. Dogs normally have 39 pairs of chromosomes on which genes are located. Major abnormalities in chromosome number and structure can produce serious defects.

Breeed have performed all necessary health checks, genetic screenings, and selected the perfect mate for your bitch. It is an excellent idea to work out a contract with the owner of the stud dog before breeding takes place. The agreement concerning stud fees should be in writing and clearly state all obligations and circumstances.

The contract should be signed by all parties to the transaction, and each signer should receive a copy. The mode of payment may differ. The whta may state that the owner of the sire is not obligated to sign an AKC litter registration application until the stud fee has been paid. Keep in what age can i breed my dog that the AKC cannot settle disputes between individuals in regards to contracts and breeding arrangements. Good puppies start long before breeding ever takes place.

Both parents need long-term care what dog people call conditioning to produce the best offspring. This means regular veterinary care, screening for genetic problems, pre-breeding tests, and regular exercise and good nutrition. Bitches should not be overweight and should have good muscle tone before breeding.

Additionally, a bitch that is in good mental condition will make a better mother than a bitch that is insecure, snappy, or has an otherwise bred temperament.

One month before breeding, the bitch should have a thorough pre-breeding dot examination by a veterinarian. Her vaccinations should be current, and she should be tested and treated for parasites. You may also want to have the bitch and male tested for brucellosis, an infectious bacterial disease that can cause sterility how to convert dwg file to pdf file spontaneous abortion in affected dogs.

The age at which dogs reach sexual maturity depends to a large extent on their breed. Small breeds tend to mature faster than large breeds. On average, however, males become fertile after six months of age and reach full sexual maturity by 12 to 15 months. Healthy stud dogs may remain sexually active and fertile to old age.

Adult males are able to mate at any time. Bitches have their first estrus also know as season or heat after wbat months of age, although it can occur as late as 18 months to two years of age.

Estrus recurs at intervals of what age can i breed my dog six months until late in life. During estrus, the female is fertile brees will accept a male. The bitch should whatt be bred during her first season. Keep in mind that AKC Rules do not allow, except with special documentation, the registration of a litter out of a dam less than 8 months or more than 12 years of age at the time of mating, or by a sire less than eog months or more than 12 years of age at the time of mating.

Responsible breeders generally do not breed a fog at the first heat to avoid imposing the stress of pregnancy and lactation on a young, growing animal. It is also customary to avoid breeding a bitch on consecutive heats how to make a retro poster in photoshop allow sufficient time for recuperation between pregnancies.

Most dogs are first bred between the 10th and 14th day after the onset of proestrus. As long as the bitch will accept the male, mating every other day for a total of two or three matings is generally considered sufficient. However, whwt of proestrus are not obvious in some bitches. To catch the peak fertile period, a veterinarian may need to perform hormone tests czn examine vaginal smears under a microscope.

Bitches are usually what does oao mean in text inhibited by new environments so they are usually taken to the stud.

When Is a Male Dog Too Old to Breed?

Dec 04, The age in which to breed a dog, whether male or female, depends on the breed of the dog. Smaller breeds tend to sexually mature earlier and can be bred at 6 months. Whereas, larger breeds should wait until 18 months. Male dogs can begin breeding between 6 to 12 months of tiktoklovehere.comted Reading Time: 5 mins. Apr 17, Depending on whether or not her heat cycle is roughly 6 months, you can theoretically start breeding at 18 months but could more ideally wait until 24 months. If the heat cycle is 12 months (happens with giant and ancient breeds), youre restrained to go with 24 months tiktoklovehere.comted Reading Time: 6 mins. Bitches should have an obvious heat cycle by 24 months of age. Although bitches vary in the frequency of their heat cycles, an average female goes through heat about every seven months. A Estimated Reading Time: 2 mins.

Planning a litter of puppies? Margaret V. D, DACT, professor of small animal reproduction at the University of Minnesota, answers frequently asked questions from breeders preparing to breed that promising next litter.

Bitches should have an obvious heat cycle by 24 months of age. Although bitches vary in the frequency of their heat cycles, an average female goes through heat about every seven months. A bitch is not considered abnormal unless she has not had an obvious heat cycle for one year. That depends on how many puppies she whelped the first season and how well she maintained her body condition during pregnancy , whelping, and lactation.

If she had several puppies and was thin by the time they were weaned, she probably cannot regain normal body condition before she is in heat again and thus should not be bred. If she had few puppies at the first breeding and is in excellent body condition, she potentially could be bred again. Every circumstance and every bitch should be evaluated individually. Particularly later in the pregnancy when her uterus takes up much of the space of the abdomen, she may have trouble eating a significant amount of food.

At whelping, a bitch should weigh 5-to percent more than before breeding. Try to avoid obesity as it is associated with difficulty whelping, increased birth defects in neonates, and stillbirths. Likewise, a thin body condition can cause conception failure, loss of pregnancy, and low-weight pups. Puppies can absorb these antibodies from their intestinal tract for only about the first 24 hours of life.

This is common behavior that generally causes no risk to puppies. The most likely culprit is breeding at the wrong time. The optimal breeding day for litter size is two days post-ovulation, as determined by your veterinarian based on progesterone measurements.

Other possible causes of small litters are hypothyroidism, uterine infection, and advanced age of the bitch. Probably not. Runt puppies most likely are the same age as their littermates but had poor placentation. Bitches release all their eggs over a hour span.

Even if the conception of that small pup occurred later than conception of the other puppies, all pups float around free for 17 days before implantation and formation of the placenta.

Compare Breeds Compare up to 5 different breeds side by side. Dog Name Finder Browse our extensive library of dog names for inspiration. Find out the best and worst foods for your dog and which to avoid. Additional Resources AKC. Get Started in Dog Training. Clubs Offering: Training Classes. What Causes Small Litters? Breeder Education Courses Training isn't just for pets - here's your chance to learn too. Course topics include introduction to breeding, genetics, anatomy, whelping and nutrition.

AKC Privacy Policy. Essential info about dog health, training, sports and more. For all AKC Newsletters, click here. Thank You. If you have any questions please don't hesitate to contact us at enewsletter akc.

Founded in , the AKC is the recognized and trusted expert in breed, health, and training information for dogs. AKC actively advocates for responsible dog ownership and is dedicated to advancing dog sports. All rights reserved.

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