How to write an environmental impact assessment
Environmental Impact Assessment
the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). EIAs have been used more and more around the world. The number of environmental assessments submitted each year has considerably exceeded the number of more stringent Environmental Impact Statements (EIS).  An environmental assessment is a mini-EIS designed to provide. Steps in Environmental Impact Assessment Describe the present environment Describe the project, including purposes and needs Describe the effects of the project Describe the impact, both short term and long term Suggest and compare alternatives (projects) Suggest mitigating activities or remedial.
It is a preliminarily study to investigate the negative and positive impacts of a proposed project. The project type and size is used to evaluate the how to write an environmental impact assessment of potential environmental impacts.
Small projects some time have more adverse environmental effects than larger projects. Therefore the threshold value of judgment must be applied always on case to case basis. Two principal approaches to screening:. The sector guidelines, which contain a checklist of environmental parameters for different sectors, can be used to help organize the screening process.
The screening process is usually addressed in EIA guidelines that described which type of project needs to proceed the process of EIA or not. If the screening process suggests that there is no need of detailed assessment then preliminarily assessments are essential. Thus, the screening process would classify the proposed activity into three main categories as:.
It is a preliminary environmental evaluation of predictable qualitative and quantitative impact of a proposed activity on environment. It is the procedure with the help of which to decide whether the proposed activity caused an undesirable environmental effect that would what is the native language of ethiopia preparation of an EIA. Thus, the IEE is a further detailed investigation into the impact assessment using information from the scoping process.
The IEE examines the issues to assists in the prediction and judgment of environmental impact in order to identify required mitigation measures. It is an effort that systematically considers all environmental impacts arising from a proposal and identifies which impacts need further consideration, and of mitigation measures which reduce the impacts to an acceptable level.
If the IEE discloses impacts that are more significant then an environmental impact assessment study would have to be conducted. During the scoping stage the key issues that the EIA will address are identified. Thus, scoping process helps in identifying important how to write an environmental impact assessment to be fully evaluated, and eliminate those factors which are not important in EIA process.
This process depends on the nature of proposed project. The local government representatives, environmental agency and NGOs attend the meeting and review the proposed action.
In other cases, it is essential that members of the local community involvement be along with other how to make a handmade card for best friend representatives.
The scoping process indicates the detailed information that will be required and it can be used to review alternatives for project design.
Scoping process identify the following as early as possible. The purpose of scoping is:. Also there is a need to develop a culture of coordination among different departments for sharing of information relating to the environment. In the present management system, it is easier for an external expert rather than the internal one to gain access to basic information relating to environmental information in Pakistan.
This attitude needs to be changed for success of future environmental activity in Pakistan. Where in the content and scope of an EIA Report is pre-determined by law and modified through closed consultations between a developer and the competent authority. Following the scoping phase, it is essential to assemble all the relevant information on the current status of the environment.
Baseline studies should be undertaken for each alternative site so that the relative severity of the impacts for each alternative can be assessed. An EIA process is conducted for a project and its alternatives e.
The different alternatives can be clearly assessed to help the decision makers to select the best available option. They are:. Option iii is not a practicable option, when donor agencies are interested to invest in an area.
For decision makers they have to select from the two remaining options. It is a difficult decision, because of non-availability of baseline information in a country like Pakistan. The decision makers should try their best to utilize the available data for selection of site.
It is a common practice that alternatives are ignored and the only option is to select the site, which is under consideration. If the alternative site or operation has minimum impact on environment, then decision makers should use the second option to change the site for the proposed activities. At the screening and scoping process, impacts of proposed project has to be addressed. The next step in EIA phase is to investigate these impacts. Four types of impacts will be identified.
They are physical, biological, social and economical. Two types of questions to determine the criteria to either include or exclude an environmental factor in decision-making mechanism. Impact assessment also helps in selection of alternatives sites, design, and operation process. Different alternatives can be clearly assessed to help decision makers to select the best available option.
Impact Assessment involves characterizing the impact in terms of its likely nature, duration, frequency, reversibility and magnitude. Finally a judgement must be made as to whether the impact is likely to be significant or not.
A large number of impact analysis techniques exist, each have their advantages and disadvantages. Impact analysis techniques can be quantitative or qualitative. Quantitative techniques tend to involve a prescriptive method being set out and followed whereas qualitative techniques rely less upon a prescribed method instead relying heavily upon professional judgement.
The environmental assessment will determine the most appropriate impact analysis technique. There are two options available for public participation. The first is to arrange an open forum in which EPA and other departments related to proposed project discussed issues in detail.
Public are allowed to present their viewpoints in an open debate, and if some positive suggestions are received from public that should be given top priorities in decision making process. In this type of participation, some times culturally and unacceptable proposals are presented by audience. The other way of public participation is the arrangement of survey workshops, small group meetings, discussions, and interviews in the shape of individuals and groups.
The second option of participation is a good option if carefully conducted. Developmental activities are usually undertaken to improve the condition of a society. The lacks of understanding of society in developmental activities have negative consequences.
EIA provide an ideal forum to know that affected public is consulted properly and their views taken into account in project preparation. Elite groups, scholars and Ulema how to get rid of restless legs scholars play an important role in public participation in Pakistani society. Their regular participation in decision-making mechanisms especially in environmental discipline will provide baseline information for EPA and other government department staff.
The public participation in Pakistan EIA system needs some amendments. According to EPA-Pak Review of IEE and EIA regulations, public will be informed through media like newspapers and how to clean up cat urine smell date, time, and location will be fixed for public hearing of any comments on the proposed project.
The next phase of EIA process is to propose measures to minimize, prevent or to compensate those who affected by developmental projects. One of the main purpose of impact assessment is to predict and prevent adverse effects through implementation of mitigation measures. During public consultation of the EIA team additional mitigation measures may be acknowledged, that should be implemented during operation of a project.
When significant impacts are identified in the construction or operation phases of a project, then collaboration is essential between project designer and Environmental impact Assessment EIA team to see if change in design monica what hurts the most song mitigate the problem.
There is a number of alternatives available to check which one will be suitable like:. Alternative options can be used if adverse impact is identified and difficult to mitigate within available resources. It is the responsibility of proponent to clearly mentioned impact assessment and its commitment to use mitigation measures.
Once it has been determined that a project has potentially significant impacts on the environment and the main issues to be considered in the study have been identified. This is the most important activity of EIA process. This written communication will be utilized by decision makers, will be scrutinized by interested public and Govt.
The assessment must determine the significance of direct and indirect impacts of the activity. Similarly the beneficial and adverse impact as well as the duration of the impacts will be considered. Subscribe to our Newsletter. Stay informed - subscribe to our newsletter.
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Aug 30, · Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) surveies need a important sum of primary and secondary environmental informations. The primary informations are those which need to be collected in the field to specify the position of the environment (like air quality tiktoklovehere.comted Reading Time: 14 mins. The Environmental Style: Writing Environmental Assessments and Impact Statements (DOE, ) A writing guide for EISs and EAs, prepared by DOE. The Environmental Style: Writing Environmental Assessments and Impact Statements. Office of NEPA Policy . Assessment of environmental and social impacts This step is the heart of the ESIA; it itemizes and describes the identified impacts, makes predictions in terms of their probability and assesses their significance. In accordance with the ESMS Policy Framework, the assessment should give particular attention to impacts related to the ESMS standardsFile Size: KB.
The effects of human activities related to the use of environmental resources on natural environment is called Environmental Impact. The assessment and evaluation of environmental effects of human activities are collectively called Environmental Impact Assessment EIA. Environmental Impact Assessment is, therefore, a method of evaluating environmental consequences such as environmental changes which are likely to be caused by the proposed human activities related to land use changes, construction of dams, reservoirs, roads, rails, bridges, industrial locations, urban expansion, etc.
Environmental changes mean environmental degradation and pollution resulting into ecological imbalance and ecosystem disequilibrium. In view of the colossal damage to the environment, there is a felt need for assessing the environmental impacts of developmental activities. EIA is a tool to anticipate the possible damage to the environment caused by developmental projects and schemes, and propose mitigation measures and strategies.
EIA exerts to declare a national policy to encourage productive and enjoyable harmony between man and environment. It promotes efforts to prevent or eliminate damage to the environment and the biosphere, and stimulate the health and welfare of man.
It seeks to increase the understanding of ecological system and nature resources important to the nation and to provide for appropriate institutional structure to carry out the objectives. It provides a broad, integrated perspective of a region about to undergo or undergoing developments. EIA ascertains the cumulative impacts from the multiple development in the region. It establishes priorities for environmental protection.
It also identifies the positive and negative aspects of any project as well as assesses the policy options and analyzes the impact on the environment therein. Environmental Impact Assessment Advertisements. Previous Page. Next Page. Previous Page Print Page. Dashboard Logout.
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